Last updated on August 16th, 2021
If you are looking to start your investment journey with Endowus, you may have noticed that they have 2 types of General Investing portfolios: Core and ESG.
How are these portfolios different and which should you choose?
Here’s what you need to know.
The difference between Endowus Core and ESG portfolios
The Endowus Core and ESG portfolios aim to be globally diversified and passive investment strategies. The Core portfolio focuses on maximising returns. Meanwhile, the ESG portfolio aims to maximise returns while investing in companies that are more socially conscious.
Here is an in-depth comparison between these 2 portfolios:
Endowus Core portfolios aim to providing you with low cost and globally diversified portfolios to maximise your returns. The Core portfolio targets companies that have these 3 characteristics:
- Profitable business strategy
Meanwhile, the ESG (Environmental, Social and Governance) portfolios aim to invest in companies that are more environmentally and socially conscious.
If you are looking at ESG investing, you are focusing on these intangible factors as indicators for future growth.
Both use the same risk-level strategy
For both types of portfolios, you will be advised to invest at a certain risk level depending on your:
- Time horizon
- Risk profile
Both Endowus Core and ESG have 5 different risk levels. Each level has a certain allocation towards stocks and bonds:
For both the Core and ESG portfolios, your money will be split into a mixture of equities (stocks) and fixed income (bonds).
The greater the risk level you are able to take, the higher the allocation towards stocks and vice versa.
The funds that Endowus invests your money into are quite different for both Core and ESG portfolios.
Here are the funds that you will invest in with the Core portfolio:
And these are the funds that you will invest in the ESG portfolios:
|Type of Fund||Funds|
|Equities||Mirova Global Sustainable Equity Fund|
Schroder ISF Global Sustainable Growth Equity Fund
Schroder ISF Global Climate Change Fund
|Fixed Income||JPM Global Bond Opportunities Sustainable Fund|
PIMCO GIS Climate Bond Fund
UOB United Sustainable Credit Income Fund
These portfolios are only available for either your cash or SRS funds.
Endowus has advised Core portfolios for your CPF OA funds, but not for the ESG portfolio. However, the funds in the CPF Core portfolio are slightly different compared to the Cash / SRS portfolio.
Endowus does not have an advised ESG portfolio for CPF OA
Endowus does not have a ESG advised portfolio for your CPF OA funds. However, you are able to invest your CPF OA funds into 2 ESG funds using Fund Smart:
- Templeton Shariah Global Equity Fund
- Schroder ISF Global Sustainable Growth Equity Fund
Both of these funds are equity (stocks) funds. Endowus currently does allow you to invest into ESG fixed income funds using your CPF OA.
You cannot switch between a Core and ESG portfolio
If you have already invested in a certain portfolio, you are unable to switch to the other portfolio afterwards.
The only thing you can do is to modify the risk tolerance for your particular goal.
If you want to switch to the other portfolio, you’ll need to sell off your entire portfolio, and then invest those funds.
Due to the processing time, it may take a while before you can invest in your new portfolio!
The funds that are found in either portfolio are all denominated in SGD. You do not need to exchange your SGD to buy funds that are denominated in USD.
This will help to reduce the extra fees you may incur when exchanging between SGD and USD. Other robo-advisors like StashAway or Syfe invest your funds in these USD-denominated funds.
Here is a comparison between the top holdings in the Equity portion of either portfolio,
|Microsoft||Vestas Wind Systems|
as well as the top holdings in the Fixed Income portion of both portfolios:
|Federal National Mortgage Association||5 Year Treasury Note Future|
|10 Year Treasury Note Future||10 Year Treasury Note Future|
|Irs Usd R 3Ml/1Ml+9.125||Jpm Usd Liquidity Lvnav X (Dist.)|
It is interesting to see that the stock holdings for the Core and ESG portfolios are quite different.
The Core holdings mainly follow the top holdings of the S&P 500.
Meanwhile, the ESG portfolio has a greater shift to towards companies with ESG characteristics.
There may be overlaps in the holdings
If you want to invest in both the Core and ESG portfolios, you may have an overlap in the holdings.
While this may be minor, it is something you may want to consider when deciding your allocation into the 2 portfolios.
To diversify your investments as much as possible, you may want to have as little overlap between your portfolios as possible.
When you invest in either portfolio with Endowus, you will be charged 2 levels of fees:
- Fund-level fees (by the fund manager)
- Management fees (by Endowus)
#1 Fund-level fees (by the fund manager)
When you invest in the different funds on Endowus’ platform, the fund managers will charge you a fee as well.
However, Endowus has helped to reduce the fees that you’ll incur from the fund managers in 2 ways:
- Providing you with access to institutional share classes (lowest fees amongst all share classes)
- Rebating the trailer fee to you
If you want to invest in any of these funds, Endowus is probably the most cost effective way of doing so. This is especially if you’re a retail investor!
Nevertheless, you’ll still need to pay fees to the fund manager. Endowus shows the breakdown very transparently when you are creating your portfolio.
Here is a comparison between the fund-level fees you’ll need to pay across the different risk levels for both portfolios:
As a general rule, it seems that the Core portfolios have lower fund-level fees compared to the ESG portfolios.
#2 Management fees (by Endowus)
The management fees charged by Endowus are the same across either portfolio. However, they are different in terms of the funds you use to invest with Endowus.
Flat 0.3% for single fund portfolios with Fund Smart
If you have a Fund Smart portfolio that only has a single fund inside (i.e. 100% allocation), you will only be charged 0.3%. This is irregardless of whether you’re using your Cash, SRS or CPF to invest.
This makes it one of the cheapest fees that are being provided by a robo-advisor!
Flat 0.4% for SRS
Endowus charges a flat 0.4% fee for any amount of your SRS funds that you have invested.
This makes it one of the lowest fees being offered by a robo-advisor!
Tiered pricing for Cash
Endowus has a tiered pricing for your cash investments:
|Up to S$200k||0.6%|
|S$200,001 to S$1,000,000||0.5%|
|S$1,000,001 to S$5,000,000||0.35%|
|S$5,000,001 and above||0.25%|
Endowus offers a tiered and not stacked pricing. This means that if you invest $200,001 into Endowus, you will be charged 0.5% for your entire $200,001.
Compared to other robo-advisors, Endowus’ fees are pretty affordable.
Here is a comparison between these 2 portfolios:
|Investment Strategy||Maximising returns||Maximising returns |
for ESG companies
|Fund Availability||Cash / SRS / CPF||Cash and SRS only|
|Fund-level Fees||Generally lower||Generally higher|
|Endowus Management Fees||Same||Same|
So which portfolio should you choose?
Choose Core to maximise your returns
The Core portfolios are aimed at maximising your returns by choosing funds that focus on the factors of:
Generally, these factors have historically shown to provide the best returns in the long run.
If you want to maximise your returns while having lower fund-level fees, you can consider investing in this portfolio.
Choose ESG for more sustainable investing
ESG investing is rather popular in Singapore, and the sustainable aspects of the companies in these portfolios may appeal to you.
ESG is more of a niche investing strategy when compared to the Core portfolio.
While the fund-level fees are generally higher for ESG, these companies are seem to be more sustainable and may continue producing returns in the long run.
Endowus offers different ways to invest through their advised portfolios: Core and ESG.
It is even possible for you to use both in a core-satellite portfolio. You may want to use ESG as your satellite portfolio to gain some exposure to these sustainable companies.
Ultimately, it really depends on the investment goals that you wish to achieve!
👉🏻 Referral Deals
If you are interested in signing up for any of the products mentioned above, you can check them out below!
Endowus Referral (Receive a $20 Access Fee Credit)
If you are interested in signing up for Endowus, you can use my referral link to create your account.
You will receive a $20 access fee credit, irregardless of the amount that you start investing with Endowus.
The access fee does not have any expiry date. As such, you can invest at any pace that you wish, and still get $20 off your fees!
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